Maine Fast Fact: Portland has New England’s largest stand of European linden trees when nearly 400 were planted around Back Cove in 1921 as a tribute to Maine soldiers who fought in World War I.
- 1806: Jane Pierce, American First Lady of the United States, wife of President Franklin Pierce
- 1922: Jack Kerouac, American novelist and poet, author of the novel On the Road
- 1923: Wally Schirra, American astronaut
- 1931: Billie Thomas, American child actor, best known for his role as Buckwheat on the television series Our Gang
- 1933: Barbara Feldon, American actress, best known for her role as Agent 99 on the television series Get Smart
- 1946: Liza Minnelli, American singer and actress
- 1947: Mitt Romney, former Governor of Massachusetts, 2008 Presidential candidate
- 1948: James Taylor, American musician
- 1950: Jon Provost, American actor, best known for his role as Timmy Martin on the television series Lassie
- 1957: Marlon Jackson, American singer, dancer and former member of The Jackson 5
- 1968: Aaron Eckhart, American actor
- 1979: Pete Doherty, English musician, writer, artist and poet
- 1955: Charlie Parker, American jazz saxophonist and composer
- 2003: Howard Fast, American writer, author of the novel Spartacus
- 1894: Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time in Vicksburg, Mississippi.
- 1912: The Girl Guides, now known as the Girl Scouts, are established in the United States.
- 1918: Moscow becomes the capital of Russia again after Saint-Petersburg was capital for 215 years.
- 1928: The St. Francis Dam fails in California, killing over 600 people.
- 1930: Mahatma Gandhi leads the Dandi March, a 200-mile march to the sea in opposition of the British and their monopoly and taxes on salt.
- 1933: President Franklin D. Roosevelt makes the first of his “Fireside Chats” and is the first of his addresses to the nation as president.
- 1947: President Harry S. Truman establishes the Truman Doctrine to help to stop the spread of Communism in Greece and Turkey.
- 1964: New Hampshire becomes the first state to sell lottery tickets.
- 1968: The island nation of Mauritius off the coast of Africa gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
- 1969: Paul McCartney marries Linda Eastman in London.
- 1992: Mauritius becomes a republic while still a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
- 1993: Bombs explode in Bombay, India, killing 300 people and injuring hundreds more; North Korea announces its plan to withdraw from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and refuses to allow inspectors admission to its nuclear sites; the blizzard of 1993 begins on the eastern U.S. with tornadoes, thunder snow storms, record low temperatures and high winds, lasting for 30 hours; Janet Reno is sworn in as the first female Attorney General in the United States.
- 1994: The Church of England ordains its first female priests.
- 2002: Homeland Security Chief Tom Ridge reveals the color-coded system for terror warnings.
- 2003: Missing teenager Elizabeth Smart is found in Sandy, Utah.
- 2004: Roh Moo-hyun, the president of South Korea, is impeached by its national assembly, the first impeachment in the country’s history.
March 12 is the Girl Scout Birthday in America, celebrating the founding of the first Girl Scout Troop in the U.S. on this day in 1912. It is National Day in Mauritius, celebrating when the island nation gained its independence from the United Kingdom on this day in 1968. It is Arbor Day in China and Taiwan.
Today is also World Day Against Cyber Censorship, a day requested to be observed on this date in 2009 by Reporters without Borders and Amnesty International as a day “to advance and celebrate a free Internet as an open window to the world and denounce the attacks made on the free flow of information online.” Reporters without Borders and Amnesty International also asked Google, Yahoo and Microsoft Corporation not to censor any of their search engines or blog platforms on this day.
For more info: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_12 , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scouts%27_Day#Dates_celebrated_by_country , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Day , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Day_Against_Cyber_Censorship , http://www.rsf.org/IMG/pdf/RWB-AI_.pdf