Going to Haiti? Be advised to take Malaria drugs first. The CDC here in Atlanta, Georgia has reported and confirmed eleven cases of malaria among those returning from Haiti; who went there to help as emergency responders. All people going to Haiti were advised to take preventative drugs before going to Haiti and some did not.
Malaria can be a very dangerous disease caused by the bite of a mosquito which carries a parasite. Malaria is not contagious, which means one person cannot pass it directly to another. However, if a mosquito that is not infected bites an infected person, it picks up the malaria parasites. Animals can also get malaria, but animal malaria cannot spread to humans, and human malaria cannot spread to animals.
This is a rare occurrence in the United States; but eleven individuals are being treated for this disease which is a real problem in the Caribbean, Asia and Africa. It kills an estimated one million to three million people a year. Malaria is an infectious disease caused by a eukaryotic protist.
The World Health Organization has reported that research is showing that global warming is already causing deaths and increased human diseases each year which includes Malaria.
This mosquito-borne disease has been a problem in Haiti, where they report about 30,000 cases annually to the Pan American Health Organization. The CDC estimates that 200,000 cases may actually occur each year.
Three of the confirmed malaria cases were Haitians traveling to the U.S., and one was a U.S. resident who was visiting Haiti — all are expected to recover.
The CDC recommends anyone traveling to Haiti take the necessary drugs to prevent this disease.
AOL Health Watch has issued the following information about this disease.
What is malaria?
Malaria is a serious disease that causes a high fever and chills. You can get it from a bite by an infected mosquito. Malaria is rare in the United States. It is most often found in Africa, Southern Asia, Central America, and South America.
What causes malaria?
Malaria is caused by a bite from a mosquito infected with certain germs called parasites. In very rare cases, people can get malaria if they come into contact with infected blood. An unborn baby (fetus) may get the disease from its mother. You cannot get malaria just by being near a person who has the disease.
What are the symptoms?
Most malaria infections cause symptoms like the flu, such as a high fever, chills, and muscle pain. Symptoms tend to come and go in cycles. One type of malaria may cause more serious problems, such as damage to the heart, lungs, kidneys, or brain. It can even be deadly.
How is malaria diagnosed?
Your doctor will order a blood test to check for the malaria parasite in your blood.
How is it treated?
Medicines usually can treat the illness. But some malaria parasites may survive because they are in your liver or they are resistant to the medicine.
Call a doctor right away if you have been in an area where malaria is present, were exposed to mosquitoes, and get symptoms that are like the flu. These include a high fever, chills, and muscle pain.
How is malaria prevented?
You may be able to prevent malaria by taking medicine before, during, and after travel to an area where malaria is present. But using medicine to prevent malaria doesn’t always work. This is partly due to the parasites being resistant to some medicines in some parts of the world.
http://www.hmc.psu.edu/healthinfo/m/malaria.htm For more information Health and Disease Information
Frequently Asked Questions are answered at this web site. http://www.aolhealth.com/conditions/malaria?flv=1